Albin, Eleazar

Only 89 sets were printed and colored for the original subscribers. The work was eventually completed in three volumes with 306 plates. By the mid-1720s Albin, probably born Weiss, is recorded as living in St Pancras and cultivating connections with gentlemen naturalists, “connections which he put to great use for his A Natural History of Birds...The first two volumes were printed under the patronage of Sir Robert Abdy of Albins (Albyns), Essex (from which village Albin may earlier have taken his Anglicized surname), and the third was greatly supported by Richard Mead (1673–1754), physician to the king. In addition to patronage Albin's connections also provided him with access to the large collections of exotic birds owned by the duke of Chandos, Thomas Lowther, and Joseph Dandridge. Other specimens were often obtained from the Newgate market or a Mr Bland's at the Tiger on Tower Hill, and still others were supplied by sea captains and foreign merchants. A number of live specimens were painted in several London apothecaries' shops and coffee houses. Additionally, in the preface to the first volume, Albin appealed to his readers for specimens, asking that ‘Gentlemen … send any curious Birds … to Eleazar Albin near the Dog and Duck in Tottenham-Court Road’” (Peter Osborne for DNB). Although a number of these exquisite plates are unsigned, all except one (signed by Albin's son Fortin) were probably the work of either Albin or his daughter Elizabeth, the plates were then coloured by members of the Albin family (there were five sons and four daughters in all), and as such the work was the first on birds to use coloured plates and made Albin one of the first successful compilers of the genre of profusely illustrated natural history books for the non-specialist reader: Albin occasionally comments on the taste of his specimens... Famously Albin declined the invitation which Mark Catesby eventually accepted, with great historical and scientific repercussions, for the study of the flora and fauna of America
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